Traumatic Brain Injury

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when the head is hit suddenly or violently or when the skull is pierced by an object that damages the brain. TBIs can be mild, moderate or severe.  If symptoms of mild TBI persist for more than 2 weeks, consult a TBI specialist. If symptoms of moderate to severe TBI are present after a head injury, call 911 for immediate medical attention. About half of patients with severe TBI will require surgery to repair or remove damaged blood vessels or tissue. TBIs can have many different symptoms including:

Neurosurgery Traumatic Brain Injury Photo
  • Brief or no loss of consciousness
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or lightheadedness
  • Vision problems
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Behavioral or mood changes
  • Problems with sleep, memory, and concentration or attention
  • Sensitivity to light and/or noise
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Slurred speech and blurred vision
  • Weakness in the extremities
  • Loss of coordination
  • Restlessness and agitation

HCMC is a national leader in the treatment of traumatic brain injury, including clinical research trials with the goal of better injury classification and treatment.