Spinal Stenosis

The spinal cord is protected by a canal within the spine.  Narrowing of the spinal canal, or stenosis, creates pressure in the spinal cord and nerves.  It may be caused by an inherited condition such as a narrow canal or spinal curvature, or it may be caused by other conditions such as trauma, arthritis, tumors, or calcium deposits.  The most common cause is gradual degeneration caused by aging.

Neurosurgery Spinal Stenosis Photo

Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis:

  • Numbness, weakness, or cramping in the legs and arms
  • Pain radiating down the leg (sciatica)
  • Foot problems
  • In severe cases, loss of bowel or bladder function

Treatment can include stretching and exercise, medications such as steroids or drugs that reduce inflammation, and braces that restrict motion until strength is regained.

Surgical intervention releases pressure on the spinal cord and nerves and helps to restore normal spinal alignment.  Surgical treatments remove diseased or damaged tissue and may include internal devices to improve or increase stability.